Ибрашева Динара Ерболовна
Ағылшын тілі пәнінің мұғалімі
Маңғыстау облысы, Бейнеу ауданы,
«Бейнеу ауданының әкімдігінің
«Ы.Алтынсарин атындағы орта мектебі» КММ
Speaking about the trinity of languages in our country, we, of course mention three main languages: Kazakh, Russian and English. Kazakhstan has been implementing a large-scale cultural project «Trinity of languages». The main goal of this project is to let every citizen of our country, especially every pupil and student know Kazakh, Russian and English languages. The development of the Kazakh language is very important as it is the state language, which is being used more extensively. As for the Russian language, which is the language of interethnic communication, it is used officially along with Kazakh. And the English language should help the citizens of Kazakhstan faster integrate in the international economic and educational environment.
The President of our country N.A.Nazarbayev firstly spoke about the trinity of languages in October in 2006. That time the President said that the knowledge of three languages is very important for our children. The teachers of schools, colleges and universities began to work on this question. They tried to use three languages on their lessons. Every day we and our society speak about this project. In accordance with the state program of functioning and development of languages in Kazakhstan, language development strategy has three main goals:
- expansion and strengthening of social and communicative functions of the state language
- preservation of common cultural features of the Russian language
- development of languages of ethnic groups 
Today, in the era of globalization the question of language and its meaning in the society is one of the important state tasks in connection with the processes of self-determination. Everybody knows that the main problems of language learning are the use of language in formal and informal communication, language teaching in secondary and higher educational institutions. The purpose of education is not only knowledge, but also the formation of key competencies, which are aimed at preparing young people for the future life. They must be prepared to communicate both orally and in writing. This process should involve knowledge of several languages.
Kazakhstan is a multinational state with already established and continuously developing multi-ethnic mentality. Rich experience of peaceful coexistence of different people of different nationalities, cultures and religions has accumulated on the Kazakh land.
This heritage defines the essence of our unity and provides friendly inter-ethnic relations at the present stage. Political processes, occurring in Kazakhstan, its dynamic economic development and its desire to enter the educational world space require maximum openness to different points of view, the ability to rethink and evaluate the contribution of different cultural historical paradigm in the educational process. In order to enter a single global education environment and ensure social mobility of Kazakh people, it is very necessary to develop a dialogue of cultures and traditions, customs, religions and educational systems.
As for the trinity of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan is a concept aimed at further strengthening of our country. A polylingual person will always be in demand in any society. And this very fact indicates its competitiveness in today’s modern society.
Currently, much attention is paid to the study of languages of people who live in Kazakhstan. As I have mentioned above the state language is Kazakh, the Russian language is the language of inter-ethnic communication.
According to E.M. Zhutova, «Kazakhstan, remaining a multi-ethnic and multi-confessional state, goes through a complex and controversial period of their cultural and language development. We can observe it in the linguistic situation in the country, according to the Concept of the language policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The core idea is to master several languages».
Our President N.A. Nazarbayev said that «…Kazakhstan is unique, and multinationality is its strong point. A unique multicultural space is formed on its ground. Multiculturalism in Kazakhstan is a progressive factor in the development of our society. Eurasian roots of the people of Kazakhstan allow for connecting the Eastern roots of the Eastern, Asian,Western, European flows and creating a unique version of the Kazakh multiculturalism».
The entry of Kazakhstan into the global community aims at creating a multicultural identity. K.H. Zhadanova argues that «Multilinguism can be regarded as an effective tool for the preparation of the young generation in an interconnected and interdependent world. Graduates of schools and universities should have a multilingual communicative function, such standards have a lingua-cultural level, which would allow them to realize themselves professionally on a global level».
You see that social need for specialists who know Kazakh, Russian and English languages improves the role of multilingual education.
So, what is multilingual education? Multilingual education is a process of multilingual personality formation through the mastery of three or more languages.
The development of human Multilanguage consciousness goes through speech development by means of mental, verbal and written communication. The development of speech is the development of thinking. The act of speaking is impossible without thinking and advancing the internal process.
Nowadays many experts and linguists discuss the basic elements of the contents of multicultural education, such as culture of international relation, structural components of cultures of ethnic groups and structural components of ethno-pedagogical area.
One of the main goals of multicultural education should be the formation of a person capable of leading an active life in a multicultural environment. It should develop a sense of understanding and respect for other cultures, able to live in peace and harmony with people of different nationalities, races and religions. The study of different cultures in the complex will contribute to the cultural identity of the individual, its formation of tolerant attitude to the representatives of different cultures, which is the purpose of multicultural education.
Multilinguism is the basis of formation of a multicultural identity. A person can be called polylingual if he or she speaks, understands and knows how to communicate in different situations using foreign languages. Knowing a foreign language is not just learning a foreign language. Multilingual education is the process when different academic disciplines, such as Literature, Geography, Biology are taught by the teachers in a foreign language.
We have formulated the concept of multilingual education to achieve an international standard level of knowledge of several foreign languages. It involves the development of a multilingual person with the certain selection of the content, principles of teaching, developing a special process using multi-lingual phrase books, dictionaries and educational materials, which would indicate similarities and differences between the basic and new language. There should be the identity of the content of teaching the second and the third languages, starting with universal linguistic phenomena that can move to more specific in studying a new language. Polylingual personality is a model of «a person considered in terms of their readiness to make the speech acts, to discover and work» in three or even more languages .
All teachers of languages may see the likeness between three languages Kazakh, Russian and English. For example The Past Indefinite forms of the verbs: to close-closed: The pupil closed the door.-Оқушы есікті жапты.-Ученик закрыл дверь. Then the degrees of comparison of adjectives are also have the same structure in three languages. All of them are made by changing the ending: strong-stronger-the strongest, күшті-күштірек-өте күшті, сильный-сильнее-самый сильный. In all three languages the plural form of nouns is made by adding some endings: a toy-toys, a phone-phones, an apple-apples. In Kazakh it will be ойыншық-ойыншықтар, телефон-телефондар, алма-алмалар. And in Russian the words will be written as игрушка-игрушки, телефон-телефоны, яблоко-яблоки. So, from the examples you may see that if the person wants to know as many languages as he/she wants all doors of knowledge are open for him/her.
It should be noted that the English language as a means of international communication occupies a leading position in the world. This is primarily due to the rapid development of high technology (space, information laser technology, bio- and nanotechnology) and economy. Competence in foreign languages is important for the economy and for the development of the regions, and, of course, for the citizens themselves. Anyone who wants to get a better chance of successful employment and career should have an adequate knowledge of at least one foreign language.
The application of new methods and technologies of teaching foreign languages will contribute to the development of personal qualities that are demanded by modern multicultural and multilingual society. Therefore, the problem of using effective methods of teaching the English language is very important.
Currently, some of the principles have already been formed in the system of polylingual education:
-learning languages should go hand in hand, and the native language, of course, must be the basis
-learning a foreign language should be based on the training of verbal thinking, mastery of new means expression of the target language.
In summary, it should be said that the formation of a multilingual personality is one of the most urgent problems of modern education system of Kazakhstan. And it seems to me that everybody understands that knowledge of languages itself is very important and useful not only definite persons, but also for our society.
- The state program of development of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020.
- Zhutova E.M., Multilinguism as a factor of the full socialization of the individual in modern society// Science and education.-2013.-№2
- Zhadanova K.H. cultural aspect of multilingual education// Science and education.-2013.- №2