Chovdurbaeva Kurbanay Turgalievna
Today one of the prestigious languages in the country is English language as an international communication. English is the language of the twenty-first century. Today the language is of great importance for those who travel abroad, for pupils, educators and employees abroad. At the moment, schoolchildren aim to be fluent in English, and they understand that they need future study and service. English is the most important instrument of interpersonal and intercultural communication that allows us to develop international relations of our state.
Speaking is an important part of the English language teaching, because oral communication helps people to understand each other, express their thoughts, argue, hear, express their mood. Oral speech is one or more of the other people’s spoken speech. Such a speaker should always be a listener or a partner. Listeners can look at the speaker’s facial expressions and see how the speaker is able to handle the subject and how it interacts, and whether it is sincere in its speech, interest in the matter, or a dissatisfaction with action. All of us and most schoolchildren are taught grammar, grammar and grammar at school. And we understand that teaching grammar we annoy our pupils with boring lessons, that they are tired of English lessons quicker than it’s possible. If we differentiate our lessons, I ‘m sure that we’ll gain the best results. Anyone who is a strong leader has to first be an effective communicator. In Toastmasters you will hone your speaking skills and you will develop leadership abilities – through evaluations, listening, mentoring, serving as a club officer and filling roles in club meetings. You will take those leadership skills out into the world, running businesses, mentoring youths, organizing fund-raisers, coaching teams and heading up families
One of the best ways to teach students to speak fluently in English is organizing «Toastmasters International Club» in classes, on extracurricular activities(факультатив, үйірме), or circle work. The name «Toastmasters» reflects the origins of the organization in the early 1920s — a time when after dinner speaking was one of the most common forms of public speaking. Today, Toastmasters has taken on the more modern requirements of public speaking: sales calls, training seminars, business presentations, school presentations, etc. Toastmasters is a public speaking practice session among friends and co-workers.
What is the mission of a Toastmasters club? «The mission of a Toastmasters Club is to provide a supportive learning environment for its members to develop public speaking and leadership skills, which foster self-confidence and personal growth.» First Toastmasters International Club was founded on 22 October 1924 as a nonprofit educational organization that operates clubs worldwide for the purpose of helping members improve their communication, public speaking and leadership skills. It was discovered by Ralph Smedley in Santa Anna, California. The club has been set up in English, but at present, the club contributes not only to English but also to other languages. The main purpose of the club is to identify participants’ speaking skills, develop leadership qualities and adapt to the audience. Through its thousands of member clubs, Toastmasters International offers a program of communication and leadership projects designed to help men and women learn the arts of speaking, listening, and thinking.
Toastmasters has grown from being an English-only organization to one that develops communication skills in several languages. There are now clubs in many languages, including Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), French, German, Japanese, Spanish, and Tamil, among others. The basic manual (the Competent Communication manual described below) can be purchased in Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), French, German, Japanese and Spanish as well as in English.
Everyone feels frightened when they come up at the audience. To cope with that fear, I urge you to become a member of the Toastmasters International Club and also teach your students to overcome their phobia of public speaking.
If you organize «Toastmasters International Club» for pupils, your students will achieve the following benefits:
- Improve Critical thinking skills
- Build strong leadership and mentoring skills
- Learn to think quickly and clearly on your feet
- Develop rapid and accurate thinking skills
- Build up your confidence in the audience
- Make time-consuming skills a clear objective
- Develop simple, action-oriented, emotional action
- Increase the quality of personal and professional creativity and qualifications
- Open doors in your personal and professional life
What is «Toastmasters International Club»? This is the speechcraft programme developing speaking skills. The structure of the speechcraft meeting
- Prepared speeches
- Evaluations- immediate feedbacks of other students
- Table-topics-non-prepared, spontaneous speeches
The speechcraft is a series of seminar-style practical workshops aimed at helping you learn the fundamentals of public speaking. There are three basic parts to the Toastmasters meeting: the prepared speeches, Table Topics, and evaluations. In the prepared speaking portion of the meeting, several Toastmasters will give a prepared presentation or speech before the group. Speeches are usually designed to meet the requirements of one of the projects in the communication manuals. «Table Topics» is an extemporaneous speaking exercise where the speaker speaks «off the cuff»; that is, the speaker responds to a question or topic that is not known beforehand. The Table Topics Master presents the topic, calls on an individual, and then that individual has 1 to 2 minutes to respond.
The 3 main parts of the meeting are:
The performance of the General Speaker (the Main speaker)
Discussion of the report of General Speaker members of the club
Speech Table Topics Master (speaker, offering the topic for discussion «off the cuff»).
In a Toastmasters club is also involved expert group General Evaluator team, which operates with the aim to evaluate the presentation of each member of the club.
- Grammarian notes grammatical errors of speakers
- Ah-Counter keeps track of audible pauses (such as «Ah», «mmm»), different filler words and the frequency of their repetition
- Timer reports the amount of time for the speaker and ensures that the scope of the presentations crossed the boundaries of time.
The procedure of the speechcraft. The goals:
- Teach students to speak English fluently
- To improve students’ speaking and listening skills
- To express their thoughts orally, self-reliance and leadership skills
- To lead a discussion through creative discussions and to form a creative language fund
- To teach the ability to overcome the fear of publicity, to develop the ability to conduct
- Learn time management skills
- Supportive environment
- Become more at ease in front of a group
- Give and receive constructive feedback
The Roles of the meeting:
- General Evaluator
- Table topics master
- Speaker #1
- Evaluator #1
- Speaker #2
- Evaluator #2
- Sergeant- at-arms
The topic of the «Youth of Kazakhstan» is being discussed. The whole meeting is held in English. Speakers prepare appealing and interesting themes. They speak about Kazakhstan’s present-day youth situation, progressive achievements of WTO accession, also students speak about other vivid themes. Speechcraft helps students to speak only English. I think that teachers who speak good English have a great deal of work. At the end of the lesson, there was a little time for our guest to meet with students. Sergeant at Arms asks participants to take their places. Participants will be introduced by the «Toastmaster«, which is leading the meeting.
«Toastmaster» introduces Grammarian («Grammar Agent») and asks to write the Word of the day on the board, which should be used during the meeting. The evaluation session is where feedback is provided to all members, including the speakers. The evaluation session is headed by a General Evaluator, who calls on individual speech evaluators to give a 2- to 3-minute evaluation of an earlier presentation. After the evaluators have finished giving their evaluations, the General Evaluator calls for the helper reports:
There is a Grammarian who notes mispronunciations and mistakes in grammar, or word repetition (e.g., «I did … I did»), sometimes called «double clutching.» In some clubs, the Grammarian will also point out positive uses of language, including nice turns of phrase, clever formulations, and especially poetic or otherwise exceptional uses of language.
Grammarian writes a word and gives an example of using the word in one sentence, for example «Life» (noun, identifying noun). Further, he suggests to use the word «life», which he offered, in the sentences.
Toastmaster introduces General Evaluator
«Toastmaster» introduced the group «General Evaluator» (Remember: you should begin your speech with the words: «Dear Sir or Madam, General Evaluator and Fellow Toastmasters»):
Ah counter _______________________
Evaluator # 1 ______________________________________
Evaluator # 2 ______________________________________
When General Evaluator has introduced his team, he back the turn to the «Toastmaster»
«Toastmaster» introduces each speaker,»speaker» (should begin his speech-presentation with «Dear Master / Ms. and Team Leader»):
Speaker # 1 _______________________________________
Theme: Teenagers and phobia (fears)
Speaker # 2 _______________________________________
Theme: Teenagers and society (parents, friends)
An Ah-Counter keeps track of audible pauses such as «ah,» «er,» «um,» «well,» and «you know». These are also called embolalia, which are naturally occurring pauses or fillers in the flow of a speech. In some clubs, the role of the Grammarian and the Ah-Counter will be combined.
The meeting’s Timer reports how much time each speaker, table topics responder, and evaluator took to give his or her presentation. Then the General Evaluator, or Master Evaluator, gives his or her overall evaluation of the meeting and makes recommendations of ways to improve future meetings. Some clubs have Table Topics Evaluators who evaluate members’ responses to the table topics; for those that do not, the General Evaluator frequently fills that role. In addition, some advanced clubs have a ‘round robin‘ evaluation for the speakers. In addition to the designated evaluator giving an evaluation recorded in the members’ manual, the other members around the room are asked for additional comments on the presentation.
The «Timer» keeps the time given to each speaker — after each presentation, each «Table Topic Speaker» speaker will show the time when each Prepared Speech and each Evaluator speaks. «Timer» shows three different types of paper, as shown in the table below –
Green card- means you have enough time,
Yellow card -means you are short in time,
Speakers’ Timeout speech Time table
|Speaker *1||3 min|
|Speaker *2||3 min|
|Evaluator *1||2 min|
|Evaluator *2||2 min|
|Table Topics speakers
The duty of the «Table Topic Master» is to prepare a few questions on the topic that is being discussed at the end of the lesson. Questions are put forward to any participant / 3 /.
1 Why is it important to learn three languages?
2 What is Mangistau famous for?
3 What is your favorite domestic pet?
When the lesson is over, the Toastmaster welcomes the General Evaluator. The General Evaluator gives evaluation of the whole meeting,.: who has a good spoken language, and who has made mistakes. Then he turns control back to Toastmaster.
Toastmaster welcomes Advisor.
Advisor gives final comments, goes over material for next lesson (long comments what I liked/disliked) members of a team of members of the meeting («Grammarian», «Ah counter», «Timer», and «Table Topic Master«), what mistakes did he made, what he should do at the next meeting, and wishes success to all the participants who attended the meeting .
Advisor concludes the meeting, and tells what recommendations are available and how to improve them in the future.
He elects the best speaker and the best evaluator with a vote. They are given the certificates. Advisor turns control to Sergeant- at-arms who declares the meeting closed
Sergeant at Arms thanked the participants of the meeting and closed the meeting.
Our Toastmasters International Club event has come to an end.
In conclusion, I believe that this speechcraft helps your students to reveal their speaking skills and leadership abilities. Toastmasters is a place where you develop and grow – both personally and professionally. You join a community of learners, and in Toastmasters meetings we learn by doing. Whether you’re an executive, a college student or a pupil, you will improve yourself, building skills to express yourself in a variety of situations. You’ll open up a world of new possibilities; giving better work presentations; leading meetings – and participating in them – more confidently; speaking more smoothly off the cuff; even handing one-to-one interactions with family, friends and colleagues more positively. Become the speaker and leader you want to be. Confident, charismatic leaders weren’t born that way. Toastmasters members learn to tell their story. They listen and answer. Through our community of learners, pupils find their path to leadership. Imagine how you’d feel if you could confidently speak at a meeting, answer the unexpected question, give a presentation or propose a toast, all without feeling really nervous?
When you can speak more confidently in public, you will also be more in control of the event, an unfamiliar situation, an awkward question, a computer problem, a late arrival – none of these will faze you once you’ve developed self-confidence in public speaking skills at School Toastmasters Club.
- Speech contest rulebook. July 1, 2017 /www.Toastmasters.org
- HOW TO BUILD A TOASTMASTERS CLUB. A Step-by-step Guide Phone: toastmasters.org/buildaclub
- Planning for a Successful Speechcraft Norm Cook, DTM, PDG