учитель английского языка
Средняя общеобразовательная шг №17 г.Актобе
Theme: The Courts
The aim: Развитие навыков коммуникативной компетенции.
— to revise and introduce with new lexics on the theme «Court»
-to develop pupil’s listening, reading and speaking skills
-to motivate pupils to be active at the lesson
Procedure of the lesson
— Good morning, dear pupils. I am glad to see you. How are you?
- Warm up exercises.
— Let’s look at the picture and try to guess what we shall speak about.
— What can you see in the picture?
— Where are they? (In the courtroom)
— Who is a lawyer? (A black woman in a grey suit)
— What is she doing?
— So what is the topic of our lesson?
— This lesson provides an introduction to the court. You will learn basic facts about the court and understand how it operates.
- Speech drill: let’s remember some words and phrases of the previous lesson. So what is law? Do we obey laws? Why ? who breaks the law? Who makes the law? Do we need laws? Why?
- Introduction of the new vocabulary.
|1||accused syn. defendant prisoner at the bar||жауапкер, айыпталушы, сотталушы||ответчик, обвиняемый, подсудимый|
|2||to administer justice||əділ сот ісін атқару||отправлять правосудие|
|4||bailiff||сот жасауыл, бейлиф||судебный пристав, бейлиф|
|5||civil law||азаматтық құқық||гражданское право|
|талапкер, даугер, даулаушы||истец, заявитель|
|7||clerk||сот хатшасы||секретарь суда|
|8||community correction||қоғамдық жұмыс||общественные работы|
|9||complainant||арыз беруші, мəлімдеуші||истец, заявитель|
|11||courtroom||сот залы||зал суда|
|12||criminal law||қылмыстық құқық||уголовное право|
|13||death sentence syn.
punishment 3. execution
|өлім жазасы||смертная казнь|
|14||to decide legal guilt||Заңды кінəcің айыптылығын белгілеу||установить юридическую виновность|
|16||to defend||сотта қорғау, қорғаушы болу||защищать на суде, выступать защитником|
|18||to determine a sentence||жазаны анықтау||определить наказание|
|19||to find (found) guilty||кінəлі деп табу||признать виновным|
|20||to find (found) innocent||кінəсіз, жазықсыз деп табу||признать невиновным|
|25||imprisonment||түрмеге қамау бас
|29||judge syn. magistrate||сот||судья|
|30||jury||қосшы би, алқа би соты||суд присяжных|
|31||law||құқық, заң||право, закон|
|32||law-abiding citizen||заңды құрметтейтін,
заңға бағынатын адам
|уважающий закон, законопослушный человек|
|33||law-breaker syn. 1. offender||құқық бұзушы||правонарушитель|
|34||lawsuit||дау, талап, айып||иск|
|35||life imprisonment||өмір бас бостандығынан айыру||пожизненное заключение|
|38||punishment syn. penalty||жаза||наказание|
|40||restitution||зиянды өтеу||возмещение убытков|
|42||sentence syn. judgment||сот үкімі||судебный приговор|
|43||To settle disputes||legal||сот дауын реттеу||уладить судебный спор|
|44||to resolve conflicts||жанжалды шешу||разрешать конфликты|
|45||trial||сот процессі||судебный процесс|
Look at the picture and say the person according to the picture in English and Kazakh.
Pupils listen to the definitions and try to guess who is who. (English and Kazakh)
— 1. judge, сот 2. plaintiff, талапкер, 3. defendant, айыпталушы, 4. lawyer, 5. witness, 6. jury, алқа би соты 7. case, 8. trial, сот процессі 9. to charge, 10. to swear, 11. to claim, 12. Evidence
- Someone whose job is to advise people about the law or to present them in court
- A group of people who listen to a legal case and decide if a person is innocent or guilty
- The person in charge of the court who makes decisions about legal issues
- Someone who makes a legal complaint against someone else
- To accuse someone officially of a crime
- The person in a legal case who is accused of wrong doing
- Facts and objects that are meant to prove that something is true
- Someone who has seen an accident or crime and can describe what happened
- To say something is true, even it hasn’t been proven
- A legal issue that has to be decided in court
- The process in which a court of law decides a legal matter
- To make a serious promise
Keys: 1c, 2d, 3f, 4a, 5h, 6b, 7j, 8k, 9e, 10l, 11i, 12g
1..Pupils read the text (individually)
Text 1. The Courts
The court is a government institution that settles legal disputes and administers justice. The court resolves conflicts involving individuals, organizations, and governments. It also decides the legal guilt or innocence of persons accused of crimes and sentences the guilty.
All courts are presided over by judges. Judges decide all questions of law, including what evidence is fair to use and state how criminals should be punished. In many cases, the judge also decides the truth or falsity of each side’s claims.
The claimant or complainant is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.
A defendant, also known as the accused, is someone that has been charged with a criminal offence.
Witnesses are a vital part of the justice system. Their evidence helps the judge determine the truth and make a fair decision.
The legal process in which a court of law decides whether or not someone is guilty of a crime is a trial. The trial when the case is heard by a judge alone is called a bench trial.
The judge decides whether to keep the defendant in jail until the trial or to release the person on bail. Bail is a promise to come back to court for the trial or sentence.
Bail may include special conditions such as reporting to police regularly, or surety, that means someone will put up money or property to guarantee the defendant’s appearance in court.
A defendant who cannot put up bail must stay in jail until the trial. The courts cannot require bail so high that no one can furnish it. But the judge may deny bail to a person considered likely not to return for trial. Some states also prohibit bail for individuals who are accused of such serious crimes as espionage and murder.
In other cases, a jury decides any questions of fact. Usually jury consists of twelve ordinary people. However, in some states the juries may have as few as 6 members.
Cases of murder, kidnapping, or other especially serious crimes may be presented to a grand jury. This panel, which consists of 16 to 23 citizens in most states, decides if the evidence against the defendant justifies bringing the case to trial. The purpose of the grand jury is to protect the defendant from being accused of a crime with insufficient evidence.
A lawyer who tries to prove that the accused is guilty of a crime in a court of law is a prosecutor.
A law professional who tries to show that the defendant is innocent and not guilty of a crime is a defender.
If the defendant is found not guilty, he or she is released.
If the defendant is found guilty, the judge pronounces sentence.
Sentence is a penalty a person must pay if convicted in court of committing a crime. Punishment is the practice of imposing something unpleasant on a subject as a response to some unwanted or immoral behavior or disobedience that the subject has displayed.
A sentence may be determined by a judge or a jury, or by a law. Convicted criminals may be required to pay a fine, to repay the victim (to pay restitution), their property can be forfeitured, can get community corrections (community service, community work), can be placed on probation, sent to prison, or executed.
In some cases, criminals may be fined in addition to being placed on probation or imprisoned.
Sentences have several purposes, for example, a sentence puts a criminal in prison to prevent the person from hurting others. Some law enforcement experts believe sentences deter (discourage) crime by showing a potential criminal the result of breaking the law.
Many people think the main purpose should be to punish criminals. They also believe the harshness of a sentence should depend on the seriousness of the crime.
Others believe sentences should rehabilitate criminals – that is, change them into law-abiding citizens.
- Find in the text English equivalents for the following word-combinations:
- Мемлекеттік мекеме, государственное учреждение; 2. сот, суд; 3. сот үкімі, судебное решение; 4. сот процессі, судебный процесс; 5. сот, судья; 6. қосшы би, алқа би соты, присяжные, суд присяжных; 7. сот үкімі, судебный приговор; 8. жаза, наказание; 9. құқық, заң, право, закон; 10. жауапкер, айыпталушы, сотталушы, ответчик, обвиняемый, подсудимый.
- Complete the following sentences with the words in English, Russian and Kazakh.(in pairs)
- The government institution that settles legal disputes and administers justiceis _______.
- The presiding officer of a court is _____.
- A lawyer who tries to prove that the accused is guilty of a crime in a court oflaw is a _______.
- The legal process in which it is decided if someone is guilty or innocent of acrime is ______.
- Bench trial is the trial when the case is heard by ______.
- A person who is accused of a crime ______.
- A law professional who tries to prove the innocence of the defendant is______.
- The defendant will be released if he or she is found _______.
- The accused will be punished if he or she is found _____.
- A penalty a person must pay if he is found guilty is a _____.
4.Make the right choice. (individually)
- Punishment is a ______.
- Crime is ______.
- misconduct, forbidden by law
- a room, where trial is held
- a penalty
- Bail is _____.
- a sentence
- a judge
- money, paid so that the defendant can leave prison till trial
- A person accused of a crime is a _____.
- group of people in a court who decide if the accused is guilty
- person who is supposed to commit the crime
- Law-breaker is a ____.
- person, who does something illegal
- a person, obeying laws
- set of rules, people must follow
- A building for imprisoning persons convicted of a crime is _____.
- a) a prison
- a court room
- a jail
7) The man in the picture is Mr. Jones. So Mr. Jones is _____.
- Jury ______.
- a) people, who defend a person accused of crime
- b) group of ordinary people in a court who decide if the accused is guilty of crime committing
- c) person, whom is the court presided by
-Now let’s work with a real case. Read it, please.
Margie Mortimer, 45, married her husband Richard when she was just sixteen. Richard turned out to be a violent, cruel and abusive husband who routinely beat Margie and their five children. Over the years, Richard succeeded in knocking out Margie’s front teeth, breaking several of her ribs, dislocating her shoulder and keeping her covered in bruises. After a particularly severe beating two months ago, Margie finally decided she has taken enough abuse. That night Richard came home drunk.
After he had passed out on the sofa, Margie took a gun and shot him in the head and chest. After making sure he was dead, Margie called the police and told them what she had done. Margie had no previous criminal record.
-Work in group of three. Decide what the main arguments are in favour of the prosecution and what the main arguments are in favour of the defense. Write them down.
Arguments for the prosecution:
Arguments for the defense:
— Now imagine that this case has gone to court and it’s the last day of the trial. One person in your group is the public prosecutor, one person is the defense lawyer, and one person is the defendant. Each of you must make a closing statement to the court. The prosecutor must argue for the maximum punishment. The defense lawyer must argue for a lesser punishment or an acquittal. The defendant may ask for the mercy of the court. The jury (your fellow students) will decide the defendant’s fate.
— All people, famous or infamous, are subjects to the same laws of justice. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness and justice. The law and the judges must treat everyone equally before the law without any privilege.
— That brings us to the end. The lesson is over. Goodbye, dear pupils.
- Home task.
– Make up a dialogue using the arguments from the last task.